Involuntary muscle contractions that occur in the form of attacks called seizures. They are usually symptoms of various diseases and pathologies of the nervous system. Anticonvulsants are used to treat such problems and they are capable not only to stop an attack but also to provide stable long-term remission without frequent relapses.
Anticonvulsants medicines are used to treat seizures of any etiology. Their effect is a consequence of depression of synaptic transmission of impulses in many parts of the central nervous system.
Neuropathy and neuralgia affects certain nerve fibers and causes bright, painful symptoms. In patients with neuropathy occurs limited mobility of the upper and lower limbs, disturbance of the functioning of organs with neuritis and severe pain. Often the disease is presented by convulsions that occur in the form of periodic attacks. Involuntary contraction of muscles, in other words "convulsions" are a sign of the development of abnormalities of the nervous system such as neuropathy.
To eliminate convulsions and reduce muscle tension applies special anticonvulsants with neuropathy. Such medications are not only able to stop the attack but also to provide stable long-lasting remission reducing the frequency of recurrences of seizures.
With the development of neuropathy patients use anticonvulsant medication of Gabapentin group. Widely used in the treatment are the following drugs:
1. Neurontin (Gabapentin).
2. Tegretol (Carbamazepine).
If patients complain about intense attacks that occur regularly after short periods of remission then they need to use more powerful anticonvulsant active ingredient Lamotrigine. He is prescribed in rare cases and only when is absolutely necessary as the drug has a pronounced effect and cause side effects. Most popular generics of it are Lamictal and Lamictal Dispersible.
Anticonvulsant drugs for epilepsy:
Causes of seizures in this case are the disruption of normal functions of brain neural cells. Most medications developed for combined therapy of epilepsy are intended to reduce excitability in the focal region.
In psychomotor seizures are prescribed:
2. Lamictal and Lamictal Dispersible.
If there are small seizures you can use the drugs that are used for big and psychomotor seizures.
In alcoholic epilepsy anticonvulsants selected depending on the variety of attacks. Most often it is Dilantin (Phenytoin) which is also recommended in case of status epilepticus.
It is important to note that these drugs have a very strong effect on neurons and receptors in the brain by inhibiting their activity. They are addictive and abruptly stop taking them is strictly prohibited. They refer to a number of drugs and steroid substances that provoke a lot of side effects some of which are quite dangerous and fraught with serious complications for your health.
The therapy involves the use of drugs that increase the brain’s activity but they help only with symptomatic treatment (eliminate seizures) but after stopping taking the clinical manifestations are usually returned.
Seizures in children, especially in the first years of life, occur to 5-6 times more often than in adults in many pathological conditions: infectious neurotoxicity, hyperthermia, trauma, disorders of carbohydrate and mineral metabolism, dehydration, epilepsy, etc. The tendency of children to generalized convulsive reactions due to morphological and functional immaturity of the brain at an early age (insufficient activity of GABA, the instability of exchange processes, insufficient myelination of nerve tissue, increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier, brain edema and others). Spasmodic stage must be rectified immediately or there would be a possibility of irreversible affection of CNS.